Gardens & books on display at the Bodmer in Geneva

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It is precisely in these days of the beginning of September that the Des jardins & des livres exhibit at the Martin Bodmer Foundation , near Geneva, has since last spring assorted in florilegium and put in tension over a hundred and fifty testimonies written on different media – mostly books, many in very rare prestigious editions, but also manuscripts, important autographs, illustrated texts meticulously or sumptuously – with the purpose of giving an account of the mutual bond that weaves those universal devices that are gardens and books.

Sharing both the dimension of the project and a structure that functions as a body of related parts, as well as the ability to abstract from the ordinary, if the books tell the gardens – when they do not inspire them -, structuring the measure as well as often remaining the only testimony after the disappearance or along the trajectory represented by their utopia, on the other hand, the gardens pervade the most diverse literatures, philosophies, religions, going beyond centuries and civilizations. In synaesthesia of bookish perceptions and metaphors, as well as weaving close dialogues with texts that variously convey technical knowledge, natural sciences, physicians, botanists, and all those that detect from the variegated universe of garden arts.

This is how, by imagining this two-faced exhibition, the curators Jacques Berchtold, director of the Bodmer Foundation, and Michael Jakob, professor of comparative literature and of theories and history of the landscape between Grenoble and Geneva, have focused on the unfolding of many forms of the imaginary that in coming and going between books and gardens are constituted as constant. In the most distant spheres, cultures, expressive genres, albeit holding perhaps too far from the contemporary, except for literary works.

The long work of research and analysis, also witnessed by the important catalog (edited by Jakob, for the MetisPresses editions, pp. 496 with 592 color images, € 65.00), as well as activating a rich series of loans from institutions and individuals , has had the opportunity to draw on the vast wealth of works of the Foundation. One of the main private collections, with over one hundred and fifty thousand of the greatest testimonies of written cultures, papyri, manuscripts, old books, first editions and autographs. A collection put together in the years of a life by the industrialist and bibliophile Martin Bodmer (1899-1971) following the visionary objective of establishing, in the footsteps of Goethe’s Weltliteratur , a library of universal literature.

Once descended from the garden terrace overlooking the lake in the rooms of the hypogeum Museum imagined for the Foundation by architect Mario Botta, the exhibition proceeds from the declared encyclopaedic aspiration – certainly Eurocentric, yet rich in openness to the neighbor’s universes and farther East -, then discarded in a series of intertwined paths, interrupted and resumed. A sort of labyrinth, even if made of recalls and transparencies, where the protagonists, who in the articulated arrangement of Stasa Bibic and Saskia Zurcher overlook the discrete penumbra necessary for the preservation of such fragile objects, make us stand on stilts reflecting an architecture of reflections of supports, easels, lecterns.

Immediately, here we are welcomed by the Garden of Eden of the Bible printed in four languages ​​(Jewish, Greek, Latin and Chaldean) in Antwerp between 1568 and 1572 and then, by a copy of the Canzoniere di Petrarca hand-painted by Bartolomeo Sanvito around at 1500, the prehumanistic garden or even the already renaissance catalog of forms and models of the ideal garden is revealed, which is the indispensable Sogno di Polifilo in the original Aldine edition of 1499.

And so on, by virtue of echoes and postponements, resonances, references, debts and interactions. From the monumental specimen in large folio, weighing 15 kilograms, published in Altdorf in 1613, here also in a watercolor version, of the Basil Besler’s Hortus Eystettensis , commissioned by the prince bishop Johann Konrad von Gemmingen to illustrate, often in natural dimensions, the hundreds of plants in his encased garden, in the original six-volume edition of the Novella Eloisa by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, then in Proust, Campana, Bassani, Jarman.

While on the golden background of the wall the engravings of the parterre of the gardens, almost everywhere drawn in the 600 by the French André Mollet, are paraded, the volumes are shown hovering on an open page. And yet, like any garden that you go along – except those designed to be synoptically viewed from the top of a terrace – those pages offer rather intuitive, foreshadow the surprise of what remains in the others, still to be scoured.

From these, bypassing the enclosure of genres, settings, protagonists, and metaphors of gardener spend from poetry to prose, from the epic to the theater, in literary works as in the treatises or practical manuals, from Paul Verlaine to Teofrasto, from the Instructions of Jean- Baptiste de la Quintinie to the illustrations of the linneian system by Robert John Thornton, in the Temple of Flora .

And indeed, in a game of intertextuality across the board, suggested by the curators also for the figurative dimension, the interest is often rather on what is placed on the limits and works as an intermediary, like the suggestions and the transference, from the Orlando furious as Elective affinities , when not from the lost Paradise that prefigures the aesthetics of the English garden revolution.

So, just to stay at the last chapter mentioned, the exhibition proceeds, marking large junctions (from the political survey of the sage on the modern garden , published in 1785 by Horace Walpole to the use of the landscape artist Humphry Repton to show the gardens in his Sketches of their properties before and after his overlap intervention).

Therefore amplifying at every step the game of reverberation in the books of themes and seasons of history and values ​​assumed by the garden. And viceversa.

Book tip: Buxmann / Schmidt: Artificial intelligence

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The book “Artificial Intelligence – Using Algorithms for Economic Success” should help to better understand and classify new technologies and application potentials of artificial intelligence. Bank Blog readers have the chance to win a copy.

Readiness for lifelong learning is generally accepted as part of a career in times of change. That “reading forms” already knows the vernacular. Although we all have to “read” too much every day, we all probably read too little at the same time. In the Bank Blog, you will therefore find tips and recommendations for interesting books, which should give you new insights and ideas.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) becomes relevant as a base technology in all industries. Although almost all decision-makers in the business community attach great importance to AI, only 7 percent of companies use this technology so far. The Federal Government is concerned that (again) a technology train is leaving without the participation of the Germans. After all, 80 percent of AI investment today goes to the US and China. Of the ten most valuable AI startups in the world, 7 are already from China. None from Germany – even though our AI research is world class.

High time to tackle the topic in the German economy. Often companies lack the imagination of what is possible with artificial intelligence or machine learning . With our book we want to contribute to show typical uses of Artificial Intelligence to take the fear out of this technology. Because one thing is clear: Many companies now achieve considerable competitive advantages with the help of artificial intelligence, whether in production, sales forecasts or in the back office. Who refrains from it, worsens its competitive position.

Artificial intelligence helps companies

First, KI helps automate many processes in companies, make better predictions, and generally become more efficient. Under the slogan ” Robotic Process Automation “, a whole range of companies have established themselves whose software can take on the simplest routine tasks. For example, to transfer the data from a PDF document into an Excel spreadsheet. Such operations are carried out millions of times a day in Germany, but can be easily automated. If such processes are systematically handled by the AI, the back office can reduce costs by up to 75 percent.

Thinking a little further, the AI ​​helps develop your own data-driven business models. By exploiting and transforming the data generated by the use of industrial products into complementary services, a company can achieve a competitive advantage that should not be underestimated. Because good machines can also produce other countries. But good machines in conjunction with intelligent business models are the better combination for the future.

Nine applications of artificial intelligence

The book consists of a generally understandable introduction to the technical foundations and economic effects of artificial intelligence. Subsequently, nine companies will show concrete applications: from quality control in the food industry to the use of the quantum computer to simulate traffic flows in real time. Using transactional data to make tailor-made deals for bank customers, accurately predicting sales of car tires with 90 percent accuracy to the day or reduce inventory by 30 percent are just some of the applications that AI brings today. Medicine, finance, but also marketing are today the most important fields of application for Artificial Intelligence.

The following nine companies and fields of application are described:

  • SAP: Machine Learning in Industry
  • Amazon: How KI finds good food
  • Medi market: Alexa for health
  • Microsoft: Kit KI for true digital transformation
  • Software AG: Platforms as guarantor for the success of the AI
  • IBM: Intelligent AI solutions with Watson
  • Empolis: Always make the right decisions with AI
  • Samson: AI business models for the middle class
  • VW: The combination of AI and quantum computer

A book religion needs to get its libraries!

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To the day of the libraries today the movie “Ex Libris” is released in the cinemas. Although it revolves around one of the largest libraries in the world. Dominik Blum but also the much smaller libraries in this country a passionate plea worth – especially the Catholic.

” A documentary sensation ” is the new film by Frederick Wiseman in the feature pages of the “time” called. The grand seigneur of the US documentary film is devoted to Ex Libris , which is now in German cinemas, the institution library. It is admittedly not a small-town library, but one of the largest libraries in the world, the New York Public Library. 51 million media outlets, over 90 outlets throughout the city. What this mega-library does is, however, also exemplary for other libraries: Books, films and sheet music entertain, create quality of life. Reading and reading have a social quality across ethnic and cultural boundaries, which often become educational trenches. Thus life chances and dreams of the future and their realization are often connected with media competence. Libraries are egalitarian places where educational justice is realized and democracy is promoted. All this shows Wisemans film unobtrusive and without preaching in the tradition of direct cinema.

Ex Libris does not start by chance this week in the cinema. Since 1995, every year on October 24 is the day of libraries. There are over 10,000 in Germany, almost 4,000 of which are Catholic public libraries , KÖBs for short. Big or small, these libraries work on what the New York Public Library does. Here people find fellowship across the confines of denomination, nationality, education and milieu. The fact that books and films, games, music and e-books are also available in the ‘Bronx’, for this social goal, more than 35,000 volunteers are involved in the KÖBs throughout Germany. And through a good selection of media children, adolescents and adults come here through all sorts of media in contact with the big and small questions about God and the world – by the way, many refugees who are interested in the German value system.

Obtaining public libraries is good for a book religion. In the future, the Catholic Church with its KÖBs could even be present where church buildings have to be abandoned – and would achieve many and many things.

The art of writing a song you remember

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Rim until you blush! This lady knows how to write good lyrics.

Frida Ånnevik writes songs in Norwegian. Certainly with elements of hedmark dialect. At her home is a Spellemannspris. Together with, among other things, the Writer’s Prize Prize Prize, Grappas debutant prize and Prøysen Prize. The album Skogenes song from 2014 is based on Hans Børli’s poetry and led to one of the many GameMember nominations she has behind her. If her life was a song, the refrain would be the word “success”. What can a lyric of such a caliber teach us?

Is it possible to say something generally about what makes a song good?
– YES! Definitely. But it is very difficult. Hehe. Often, I think that both the text, the melody, the rhythm and the chords must get some or something unexpectedly twisted by the song, which means that it is remembered that you remember a little bit of it after hearing it.

“We need to figure out how much living in the idea, because otherwise it’s quick to just write it down and think that” Now it’s done! “.

What are the most common mistakes you make as a fresh songwriter?
– Hm. Not relying on his own idea, maybe. An idea can be a text line, a word, a little melody, but then we must trust that idea, because we will build a whole song out of it! We need to figure out how much living in that particular idea, because otherwise it is quick to just write down the idea and think that “Now it’s done!”.

Who are the best songwriters you know about and why?
– Uuh! Difficult. I’m very fan of Joni Mitchell because her lyrics are direct and at the same time secret. Siri Nilsen because hu says things in a way that makes me look very clear to me. No. 4 writes funny and sad at the same time. And Sufjan Stevens because his melodies and sounds have something strange that makes me remember it after hearing it, and at the same time feeling I’ve heard it already.

Is it enough to write and possibly carry out good song material anymore? Do not artists today work hard with the image to reach?
– Yes, the image has become a very big part. But keep in mind that good material can also make up much of the image!

Image result for Frida Ånnevik with a guitar

Can you give us three quick writing tips for beginners?

  • – Rim until you blush! Buy rhymes or use an app, write a text where you rhyme all the time! (You can burn it afterwards.)
  • – Write a text every day in a week, and mix things from reality with things you find. Then your head starts and soon it starts to make ideas of itself. Absolutely true!
  • – Write on time (5 minutes, for example), and write without lifting your fingers from the keyboard or pen from the paper. I use this trick whether I’m writing a song, text or email that I find difficult to start with.

– Write a text every day in a week, and mix things from reality with things you find.

What is the difference between writing texts for music and writing poetry?
Lyrics for music are meant to be singing, poetry can you read aloud, but it will not be the same. Poetry is stuck in the paper. And therefore, lyrics too high should be dictated, because what can look strange or smaller on the paper can work great when you sing it.

Mention a song text you wish you had written (preferably with a quote!).

«Spell» – Oscar Danielson

I put your hand against your child
My lips against your forehead
And I whisper a few words that you can not understand
But that will protect you anyway.
Because you bet one like me, one that is stranger than you are … (By a certain songwriter-workshop from 2015, Daniel Kvammen , red.anm.).

You have been tracked for songwriting before. What is the most important thing you have learned in meeting the course participants?
– That everyone who writes sounds does it in their own way. And I’m quite lucky to get crazy about it.

“What I can do is to piss a little, ask some strange questions and fill in with tricks so that those who participate only become even more confident that their way of writing sounds is right and the best for them … Hehe.


Sport, book and politics, the lives of the swimmer Charles Rozoy

Sportsman valid until July 2008, at the doors of the French swimming team, Charles Rozoy is victim of a motorcycle accident that costs him the use of the left arm. “It was announced to me with a lot of tact,” says the blond young man to the cut goat. “I was told,” your life is over but you’re not going to cry, it’s not like you have AIDS, you’re not going to die. “

Gold at the London Games

A few months later, Charles Rozoy resumes the path of the basins. First for his rehabilitation and then, in a “click”, germinated the idea to resume the competition and realize his childhood dream: become Olympic champion. He then reconverted to a swimmer handisport. And won gold in the 100m butterfly at the London Paralympic Games in 2012. “A deliverance”, according to his physical trainer and friend Vincent Issartel. “Charles has managed to accomplish even more since his accident,” he observes, noting also his “exuberant side”.

His autobiography in bookstores

Nearly two years after his medal, “by explaining (his) life and the management of disability”, Charles released an autobiography in mid-February entitled, not without humor: “How I managed to swim the butterfly with one arm without turning in circles “(Editions L’Equipe). At ease with journalists and in front of the camera, he is currently promoting it between two training sessions at the Olympic swimming pool in Dijon, where a large banner is hung over the basin: “Bravo Charles!”. lengths up to twice two hours a day. “But, at the moment, it’s a little less, my coach is tolerant,” admits the swimmer, who has just added a new string to his bow: politics.

Municipal: in eligible position

Fifth on the list of the outgoing senator-mayor PS of Dijon, François Rebsamen, Charles Rozoy is assured of obtaining a seat on the municipal council, even a deputy position in case of victory. “He is in an eligible position, in a visible position, which shows that we can open up to citizens who are not inset,” said Mr. Rebsamen, who sees in the champion a “symbol of deserving youth” . “My political commitment is a social commitment for my city,” says Charles Rozoy, who does not want “not necessarily be confined to sport.” Politics but also the pursuit of his studies in “Communication and Mediation”, at the University of Burgundy, are also a way “not to miss the train” of reconversion.

Last opus: Rio 2016!

His latest sporting goal will be the 2016 Paralympic Games in Rio, Brazil. “I sleep Rio, I eat Rio but my activities allow me to flourish,” says this hyperactive. According to his university professor Jean-Jacques Boutaud, “Charles does not want to be ghettoized around disability. He has wider and higher ambitions. With regard to his career, Charles Rozoy says he tries to “get the best of the worst” and to be “optimistic about everything”. But “if today, they said to me:” Give up your medals, we give you back your arm, I’ll take it back! “.

“How I managed to swim the butterfly with one arm without turning in circles”, Charles Rozoy, with the collaboration of Céline Longuèvre, prefaces Philippe Croizon and Alain Bernard, editions L’Equipe, 207 pages.

Was the ring found in Pontius Pilate? – It has Greek writing

Found the ring of Pontius Pilate? Probably, as the Israeli newspaper Haaretz has deciphered its inscription, written in Greek and bearing the name of the Roman ruler, who sentenced Jesus Christ to death.

The ring was spotted 50 years ago during excavations at the archaeological site of Herodion, near the West Bank of Bethlehem. According to the report, it was found in the archaeological research conducted by Professor Gideon Forster of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem just after the 1968-69 Six-Day War as part of the preparations to open the site to visitors.

The bronze ring was one of the thousands of objects found at that time. The famous name was recently revealed when, after universal cleaning, it was photographed using a dedicated camera in the Israeli Antiquities Service. The inscription in the ring, which appears to be sealing, includes the depiction of a wine vessel around which a Greek writing was translated which was translated as “Pilate”.

Pontius Pilate was the 5th prefect of the Roman province of Judea and probably the most important. He ruled from 26 to 36 AD, although some say from 19 o’clock. According to the newspaper quoting statements by Professor Danny Schwartz, the name was rare in Israel at that time. “I do not know anyone with that name since that time, and the ring shows it was a person of prestige and wealth,” he told the Israeli newspaper.

The ring is simple, so the researchers believe they were being used by the governor for his day-to-day work, or belonged to one of his officers or someone from his own court who used it to sign in his name. According to Haaretz, there is another archaeological find in Israel bearing the name Pilates, which is also attributed to the famous Roman governor.In addition, in the 1960s, Professor Forster found a stone engraved on this name.

Margaret Atwood writing sequel to The Handmaid’s Tale

Narrated by three female characters, The Testaments is set 15 years after The Handmaid’s Tale, which follows one woman’s struggle to survive in a future America, renamed Gilead, where women have been stripped of rights, are used primarily for breeding purposes and are not allowed to read or write. First published in 1985, The Handmaid’s Tale was shortlisted for the 1986 Booker Prize – to date, eight million copies have been sold globally in the English language.

“Dear Readers,” wrote Atwood in a press release announcing the book’s release. “Everything you’ve ever asked me about Gilead and its inner workings is the inspiration for this book. Well, almost everything! The other inspiration is the world we’ve been living in.”

The book was adapted for the screen by German filmmaker Volker Schlöndorff in 1990, to a lukewarm critical response. When Donald Trump was elected US President in November 2016, Atwood’s Handmaids became a symbol of female empowerment, on the back of an acclaimed TV adaptation of the novel starring Elisabeth Moss and Joseph Fiennes. A ratings smash on RTÉ 2, to date the TV show has been nominated for 18 Emmy Awards to date, winning 6 across two series. A third season is due to air in 2019.

The Testiments, which is not connected to the television adaptation of The Handmaid’s Tale, will be published in September 2019, and has already become one of the must-read literary events of the year.

Eight tips to succeed in Amazon on Black Friday

Eight tips to succeed in Amazon on Black Friday

Black FridayFriday, November 24 is Black Friday and we do not need to remind you that it is an excellent opportunity to save a lot of money on your Christmas shopping. One of the reference websites in our country that day will be Amazon Spain. From 00.01 on Thursday night until 23:59, Amazon is going to smoke .

The special Black Friday that Amazon will offer will allow you to find offers in all categories, such as Electronics, Computers, Home, Kitchen, Clothing, Sports, Videogames, PC, DIY, Baby, Toys, Office and Stationery, Books, Music and much more.

Here are eight tips to succeed in Amazon on Black Friday and not miss a single offer:

  1. Become an Amazon Prime customer. It’s fundamental. Prime customers will have priority access to Amazon offers and can also benefit from free shipping. Also, if you live in Madrid or Barcelona you can enjoy shipments in one or two hours in a selection of Prime Now articles.
  2. If you have not purchased at Amazon for some time, check your account information , especially the shipping address and bank details (check that your card is not expired). We do not want surprises right at the time of purchase!
  3. Put an alert on your mobile . At 00.01 hours on Thursday it is certain that Amazon will publish some of its most attractive offers. It is important that you do not arrive late for the appointment.
  4. Pay special attention to flash offers . They are offers that will be activated every 5 minutes and will have a maximum duration of six hours or until stocks last.
  5. Do not lose sight of the offers of the day either . These offers will be available throughout the day but you have to be very careful so you do not miss any.
  6. Make yourself a “wish list” before Black Friday. Thus, on November 24 you can take a look at it from time to time and check if the price of the products that make it fall. It is the most effective way to not lose sight of your most desired items.
  7. Use the “Follow this offer” option in the Amazon app. This will allow you to receive a notification on the mobile when the product goes on sale.
  8. If the product you want to buy has run out, sign up for the waiting list . On this crazy shopping day it is possible that some buyer will regret and cancel your purchase, so you will have priority access to the product.

To finish, let’s make a common sense cry: do not buy compulsively and make smart purchases . If you were not planning to buy a laptop, no matter how much your price has been reduced 400 euros, you still do not need that laptop.

Keep your mind cold and do not lose your common sense before the thousands of irresistible offers that you will have before you on Black Friday. Needless to say, if you need interest-free financing, we at Vivus are here to help!

Amazon Lending will arrive in Spain to offer loans to SMEs and the self-employed

Amazon Lending will arrive in Spain to offer loans to SMEs and the self-employed

More than 30% of entrepreneurs who applied for loans for freelancers obtained a “no” answer, according to a study by the Autonomous Federation (ATA) of June 2015. Although the figure has decreased compared to 2014 (36 , 6% of denied applications), are still too high figures. Creating a business is not an easy task and getting the funding we need is essential. Luckily, in Spain, new ways of financing our company are proliferating without having to go through a bank.

The new ways of financing our company

Amazon has announced that it will begin to market a line of credit for SMEs in Spain. Amazon Lending is a service that will offer financing to SMEs that sell on its platform. To get these new loans for freelancers we must access through an invitation. The credits will be granted based on the sales data of each company . Above all, the risks of the company, the inventory cycles or the frequency with which they work out of stock will be valued. Currently Amazon Lending offers loans for self-employed between $ 1,000 and $ 600,000 with a repayment period of between 3 and 6 months with interests ranging from 6% to 14%.

Until Amazon Lending arrives in Spain at the end of the year we can get financing in many of the companies specialized in loans for self-employed people . Currently there are two private equity companies that stand out when granting loans for SMEs:

Lender Quantity Cost Requirements Contract
Iwoca € 500 – € 50,000 From 3.50% / month
No commissions
  • Companies with 4 or more months of life
  • Companies located in national territory
  • For self-employed or limited companies
Apply for
Spotcap € 500 – € 100,000 0.50% – 4.00% / month
Opening commission: from 1.00%
  • Registered companies in Spain
  • Minimum annual invoicing of € 25,000
  • Business with at least 12 months old
  • Need to have the latest financial documents of the company
Apply for

What are ICO credits for self-employed?

The Official Credit Institute is an entity attached to the Ministry of Economy that seeks to promote economic activities to contribute to the development of the country . It grants loans to self-employed workers, entrepreneurs and SMEs through collaborating banking entities. It is a line of financing that acts through lenders , that is, grants loans with the intermediation of the entities. Depending on the chosen ICO line the term conditions, the interest rate will vary.

In order to access the ICO loans we must go to one of the collaborating banking entities, depending on the situation they will offer us a loan with them or through ICO. The credit institution will give the funds to the bank and the bank will transfer them to the self-employed person . According to the ATA barometer, almost 35% of the applications were denied, since it is the banking entities that assume the risk of default by the self-employed and the banks , in turn, respond to the ICO to repay the loan. that their requirements are as demanding as those of banking entities.

Amazon boss: “I am very proud of our wages”

Tech giant Amazon boss: “I’m very proud of our wages”

Claus Hulverscheidt graduated from the Cologne School of Journalism and studied economics at the same time in Cologne. He initially worked as an economic editor and political reporter at the news agency Reuters in Bonn. In 1999 he moved to Berlin with the government relocation to the newly founded Financial Times Deutschland , where he wrote about tax, budget and financial market policy and accompanied the Chancellor and the Federal Minister of Finance on their travels around the world. In 2003, he took over the management of the FTD -Industry editorial office before joining the Parliamentary Office of the Süddeutsche Zeitung in 2007 as Chief Editor for Economic Policy and Vice-President. Since mid-2015 he reports as a correspondent from New York.

The fact that employees of tech companies are usually not starvation, was once again clear when looking at the annual balance sheet of Jeff Bezos. The founder and boss of the online giant Amazon 2017 painted almost exactly $ 7,720 – not per year, but per minute. The truth now is that the number in addition to Bezos’ salary also includes his capital gains, that the manager has to endure nearly half a week the abuse of the US President, and that he – unlike most of his subordinates – not the cartons, but the responsibility , He does not have it easy, and yet: 19.3 billion dollars a year or 36 720 per minute are not so bad.

The number is also interesting because Bezos’ group is one of the big US companies that now had to disclose what they pay their employees on average because of a law from the Obama era. The median annual earnings at Amazon is therefore exactly 28 446 dollars. This means that one half of the employees go home with a salary above this number, the other half with a salary below. So, in simple terms, Bezos receives about 1.3 times more per minute than what a packer or forklift driver works out every year.

Although stockbrokers Amazon rank alongside Facebook, Netflix and Google among the four major US tech companies, short FANG, employees have so little in common with those colleagues who play beach volleyball on the campus-like premises in Silicon Valley beach volleyball, feed kale chips and get a massage. Instead, they pack packages, carton boxes on pallets, and walk sore through huge storage warehouses. Translated into money: Twitter pays a median salary of 161,860, and Facebook pays 240,430 dollars. That is the eighth and a half times what is usual on Amazon.

Amazingly, however, even if one classifies Amazon instead of the tech companies under the parcel services, the group can not compete with the competition. At UPS, for example, the median salary of $ 53,440 is almost twice as high. Bezos defends that the figures of his company include the salaries of employees from more than 50 countries and part-time workers. Amazon also created more than 130,000 jobs in 2017 alone. This is indeed more than the total workforce of Google Mother Alphabet.

Despite the sometimes modest salaries, Amazon in the US before applications can hardly save. Even in Germany, the company has no problems finding employees – even though management refuses to cooperate with trade unions and refuses to pay workers under the collective agreement of the retail and mail order companies.